Mathura Refinery is now supplying 100 per cent of its petrol and diesel meeting BS-VI norms, executive director and refinery head said.
ith the Union Ministry of Environment mandating that BS-VI level fuel norms will become effective throughout India from April, 2020, there is a mad rush among petroleum refineries to meet the deadline of making sure that 100 per cent of their production comprises of this cleaner fuel.
However, Mathura Refinery, which was among the first petroleum refineries in North India established in 1982, has raced way ahead of the other units, having produced the BS-VI fuel in January, 2018, with its existing facilities. With the launch of its new production units this January, now the Mathura Refinery is supplying 100 per cent BS-VI fuel, three months before the government issued deadline.
Talking to India Today, Arvind Kumar, executive director and refinery head, said that Bharat Stage Emission Standards (BSES) are standards instituted by the Government of India to regulate the emissions of air pollutants from motor vehicles. “The standards and the timeline for implementation are set by the Central Pollution Control Board [CPCB] under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change,” Arvind Kumar said.
Arvind Kumar said that since October, 2010, Bharat Stage (BS) III emission norms have been enforced across the country which allowed sulfur content in MS (petrol) and HSD (diesel) up to 150 ppm (parts per million) and 350 ppm respectively. “Emission norms were further tightened in the subsequent step in the form of BS-IV emission norms which were made effective from April, 2017. These norms allowed Sulfur in MS and HSD upto 50 ppm-level,” Arvind Kumar.
Arvind Kumar said that as a “major step” towards reducing air pollution, in January, 2016, Government of India through a “historic decision” announced not only to skip the BS-V emission norms but also decided to implement BS-VI norms on across India basis wef April, 2020. “A deadline was also set for rolling out cleaner [BS-VI compliant] fuel across the National Capital Territory [NCT] by April, 2018, and National Capital Region [NCR] by April, 2019,” Arvind Kumar said.
Arvind Kumar said that at a time when all the Indian refineries were producing BS-IV compliant fuels, Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL) Mathura Refinery was the first refinery to take up the challenge to meet the requirement of supplying NCT region with BS-VI compliant fuels (Sulfur – less than 10 ppm) with its existing facilities. “Same was successfully done in January, 2018, well before the stipulated date and the supply of BS-VI compliant fuels from Mathura Refinery to NCT and NCR has continued since then,” Arvind Kumar said.
Further, he said that in order to upgrade the total production of MS and HSD produced at Mathura Refinery to meet the most stringent BS-VI norms, some revamp projects were taken up under the Quality Improvement Project (QIP). “These included modifications in existing process units including Diesel Hydro Desulfurisation Unit [DHDS] and Gasoline Hydro Desulfurisation Unit [Prime-G]. Now IOCl Mathura Refinery has successfully completed the project jobs and has successfully commissioned the revamped facilities in January, 2020,” Arvind Kumar said.
With the commissioning of these facilities, Mathura Refinery is now supplying 100 per cent of its petrol and diesel meeting BS-VI norms, he said.
AS Sahni, Chief General Manager, Technical Services said that it is very important to note that with the change in fuel specifications from BS-IV to BS-VI in petrol and diesel, the sulfur contents will come down by 5 times which is a whopping 80 per cent reduction and would make the environment substantially cleaner. “We will all be breathing cleaner air which is a huge health advantage to the public at large,” AS Sahni said.